Aquarium plants used in fish tanks help deliver natural filtration to your fish. It also helps to ensure your fish live a problem-free life and can also aid you in breeding small fish.
Adding live plants to your aquarium can also be one of the better things you can do for the health of the fish in your aquarium. Which one you choose will depend on what you are hoping to achieve. Some aquarium plants float on the surface of the water in your fish tank, while some that stay rooted to the base.
What are the easiest aquarium plants to grow?
Before choosing your low maintenance aquarium plants, you should think about things like the water quality, the temperature, lighting and the type of fish that you are planning to keep. Conditions that might be fine for the fish may not be ideal for live freshwater plants. Water quality including regular maintenance and water changes can make all the difference in the world.
Fish tanks that have cold-water fish like goldfish don’t typically generate enough warmth for an aquarium plant to thrive and survive. Also, an incandescent bulb or just ambient room illumination won’t be what freshwater plants will need as it will generate too much heat. Leading to other issues like algae problems, or causing aquarium plants to deteriorate and die without proper lighting.
Fish that burrow and dig through the substrate or worse, eat live plants, are out of the question for the hobbyist that wishes to keep a beautiful aquarium with live plants.
Do Live plants help aquarium?
In my experience, I have found that live plants are a great addition to any fish tank. They help with oxygen levels, bio-load, camouflage for babies, colour in the tank, and are a great food source for some types of fish. You must be sure that you are aware of any fish you might have that like to eat live plants so that you can pick plants that they will not eat (unless of course, you are buying plants to feed them).
When using live plants, I like to have a good variety in my tank, so that all levels of the tank are covered (bottom, middle and top). If you have floating plants, make sure that you have them floating root side down. Briar Moss is a great addition to any tank.
When you have live plants in a tank, you want to make sure that you have adequate lighting. If you do not have a fluorescent lighting system, you will not see much growth in your tank. In fact, you might begin to see your plants die. So make sure, that your lighting system is capable of allowing growth for your plants
Are artificial plants good for an Aquarium?
Of course, the biggest advantage of using artificial plants is that they require very little care and maintenance. They might need an occasional scrub to remove dirt and algae but apart from that, they do not require any nurturing. Artificial plants can be placed anywhere in the tank and they look good from the start.
They used to be made only from plastic but they are now available in silk which enables them to move very realistically with the water flow in the aquarium. They are reasonably priced and last a long long time.
Cheap plant mats are also now available containing several plant varieties in an arrangement which can be anchored in the gravel and will not be uprooted by the fish. Particularly good choices are Ludwigia, Anarcharis, Hygrophila and Cabomba.
The only real disadvantage compared with live plants is that they do not take part in the nitrogen cycle of the aquarium. Live plants play their part in absorbing fish waste (nutrients) and removing some of the nitrates. In the absence of this, algae have a tendency to form more quickly. This is countered by the fact that less light is needed in the aquarium which tends to reduce algae growth.
What are the best floating aquarium plants?
These kind of plants for freshwater aquarium are a stunning feature to include in any tank.
The floating aquarium plants aren’t attached to the base of the tank and they appear in various shapes and sizes from little to over one foot in length.
If you own a fish tank, chances are that you most likely have a few plants in there.
The common types of floating aquarium plants are:
- The Azolla (The Mosquito Fern)
- The Bladderwort
- The Normal Duckweed
- The Normal Salvinia
- The Giant Duckweed
- The Giant Salvinia
- The Water Hyacinth
- The Water Lettuce
Do floating plants oxygenate the water?
Oxygenation of water in a planted aquarium is usually regulated by live plants just as it would have been in the wild and so some of the floating aquarium plants regulate oxygen so that the fish can breathe.
These plants also function as filters to remove all fish waste in the aquarium. You should know that the bacterium growing on the plant is used as a filter media and it can deal with biological and/or chemical filtration unbelievably well. And while these floating plants can absorb the chemicals that are harmful to the fish, it can be a very daunting time for the plants so it’s always wise, but not mandatory, to have a backup filtration system at hand.
These floating plants will be great protection for your fish helping them to avoid diseases and finding a great place for fish to hide or play.
Does duckweed oxygenate aquarium water?
Like most plants, duckweed uses carbon dioxide from the air as well as some from the water column to produce oxygen for your fish. When a plant dies, however, it uses oxygen in the process of bacterial decomposition. This can be a problem if the dying plant is duckweed, as a solid covering of duckweed will block sunlight which inhibits algae growth.
A fun fact is that algae produce oxygen and a sudden complete loss of algae means that fish will become stressed and potentially die off.
But to answer the question, while alive, duckweed relies on carbon dioxide to help oxygenate aquarium water.
Does duckweed clean aquarium water?
Although duckweed has been known by most people to be a nuisance, recent studies show that this plant has water cleaning properties as it’s the ability to grow rapidly allows it to gobble up large quantities of contaminants including ammonia, lead and arsenates.
Studies show that in some ponds and lakes, duckweed is used for removing heavy metals such as mercury or different kinds of toxins
Are Live Plants A Good Option For Goldfish Aquariums?
Your goldfish, if asked, would obviously prefer to have real plants. Many plants provide a snack for goldfish. There are also other benefits to having real plants in your aquarium. Living plants help to replace oxygen in the water. Live plants also help to remove some of the waste products produced by your fish. This doesn’t mean that adding real plants will cut down on the cleaning and water changes necessary for healthy goldfish, but they will add a beautiful background for your pets.
If you do decide on natural plants for your goldfish aquarium, there are a few plants that you may have trouble keeping. This is not because they won’t grow; rather, the problem is that your goldfish may like them a little too much. Some aquarium plants your goldfish will eat faster than they can grow. This is true even of well-fed goldfish.
For instance, if you add duckweed or frogbit to your aquarium, you may have trouble keeping it. Goldfish will eat this plant for breakfast, lunch, dinner, dessert, and a midnight snack. They really love these plants. Water wisteria can provide an excellent variety in your aquarium; however, this is another plant that your pet goldfish will love to snack on. Don’t give up hope of having healthy live plants in your aquarium, there are some plants that goldfish don’t have a taste for.
How Do I Keep My Aquarium Plants From Dying?
The short answer is don’t buy the wrong plants. Of course, it’s more complicated than that, but if you don’t carefully consider things like growth habits, light requirements, substrates and all sorts of chemistry stuff, you probably did buy the wrong plants.
Java Fern Microsorium is a great option to choose for beginner fishkeepers.
Many of the plants you buy in pet shops, for example, do not spend their entire lives entirely underwater. They can’t live very long in the typical aquarium. Other plants, while quite beautiful, require some very special lighting and/or water and substrate chemistry.
How do I deal with algae in my fish tank?
There will always be some type of algae in your aquarium – no matter what you do. The trick is to keep it under control and not let it get out of hand. Most algae are introduced into the aquarium by fish or live food. If you have live plants in your aquarium and you keep them healthy, they will usually keep the algae under control.
Brown algae are caused by inadequate light in your fish tank. Large brown layers forming in your aquarium is a sign that you have this problem. Green algae which results from too much light gives your aquarium that familiar stagnant looking pea-soup green colour.
The best way to control algae is to keep pristine water conditions. Do that and algae will never get out of control.